the Netherlands Organisation for applied scientific research TNO
The Netherlands Organisation for applied scientific research, TNO (Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek), is an applied scientific research and development organisation (approximately 3,500 fte, with 606 MEUR turnover in 2012) for companies, government bodies and public organisations. The daily work of the employees is to develop and apply knowledge. TNO provides contract research and specialist consultancy as well as grant licences for patents and specialist software. TNO tests and certifies products and services, and issue an independent evaluation of quality. TNO fulfills a number of tasks relating to issues of national importance. As of January 2011 TNO works in a new business structure with 7 main Thematic Areas which better exploits the inherent capability of TNO to act in multidisciplinary projects.